5 Highly Nutritious Foods to Promote Your Health

By: Fajr Zahid, Zuckerberg College of Health Sciences Well-being Leader 

While I’m sure many of us have been encouraged to incorporate healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables, into our diets, it is important to consider the specific benefits provided by the foods we consume, and the impact that they have on the well-being of our bodies. In this article, I will be discussing five highly nutritious foods, and some of the health benefits they offer.

  1.  Dark green leafy vegetables 

Some examples of these vegetables include spinach, leaf lettuce, kale, and romaine lettuce. These types of vegetables contain a high content of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which can reduce the risk of obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure and mental decline. Research has also found that the carotenoids which give dark green leafy vegetables their pigmented colors can inhibit the growth of specific breast, skin, lung and stomach cancers. Furthermore, they are a great source of vitamin K, which can provide protection against inflammatory diseases and osteoporosis. 

  1. Fish 

Fish are loaded with protein, vitamins, and other nutrients which may help in reducing the risk of high blood pressure, strokes, and heart attacks. Salmon is a great source for omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential to our diet; these healthy fats provide several health benefits, such as reducing the risk of cancer. Fish also contain high levels of vitamin D, which helps to strengthen bones, and vitamin B2, which may reduce inflammation of nerves. Additionally, fish have been proven to contain wound healing properties, and their proteins (such as immunoglobulins) aid in defending the body against viral and bacterial infections. 

  1. Berries 

According to Eric Rimm, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, “On average, people who eat more berries seem to live a little bit longer.” Berries contain important nutrients, including potassium, magnesium, vitamins C and K, fiber and prebiotics (which help promote a healthy gut). Eating blueberries is associated with a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In addition, eating berries high in anthocyanins, such as blueberries and strawberries, can help regulate weight. Intake of berries is also associated with a reduced risk of heart attack and improved learning and memory. 

  1. Nuts & Seeds 

Nuts and seeds are known to be good sources of protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals. Since their fat content is not fully absorbed by the body, they can help to regulate body weight and provide protection against the development of heart disease and diabetes. These foods are also rich in phytochemicals, which act as antioxidants. Nuts in particular are considered to be a good source of vitamin E, which helps protect against cancer and osteoporosis. 

  1.  Avocados

Avocados, a personal favorite of mine, contain key nutrients, including healthy fats and fiber, as well as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. They are rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin B6, which promote a healthy immune system. Avocados also have a high potassium content; this is important to note because, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, potassium is considered a “nutrient of public health concern.” This is due to Americans’ lack of consumption of this mineral, which is critical for several bodily functions including those of the nervous system, as well as regulation of blood pressure. The high fiber content of avocados also promotes the growth of healthy bacteria, which is essential to a healthy digestive system. 

I hope you found this blog post to be helpful and informative, and that you are able to incorporate some of these health-promoting foods into your own diet! 



https://extension.wvu.edu/lawn-gardening-pests/news/2023/03/01/leafy-greens-arepacked-with-vitamins#:~:text=The%20vitamin%20K%20of%20dark,osteoporosis%20a nd%20preventing%20inflammatory%20diseases


https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34455321/#:~:text=Fish%20is%20proven%20to%20 possess,%2C%20cardioprotection%2C%20and%20hepatoprotection%20properties. 

https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/hsph-in-the-news/fresh-berries-are-among-the-h ealthiest-foods-you-can-eat/ 


https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9455928/#:~:text=There%20is%20a ccumulating%20evidence%20suggesting,health%20and%20immune%20system%20mo dulation.