When I started teaching (many years ago) I began planning each class by thinking about what material I needed to cover. My classes improved dramatically when I began my planning by thinking about what I hoped each student would learn to do. Once I established the goal or outcome of the class, I could design activities that would ensure that the learning had actually taken place. And I did not keep my goals a secret. I began each class but letting the students know what I hoped they would get out of that day’s work.
Charlotte Mandell, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education